Saltwater pools originated in Australia and gained popularity in the U.S. during the 1990’s.
Eco-Friendly alternative to factory chlorine production allows you to make your own ‘locally sourced and organic’ chlorine, on-site.
Here’s how it works: The slightly salty water passes through a salt chlorine generator; a stack of electrically charged metal plates converts the salt into chlorine, using electrolysis. After the chlorine molecule does it’s work, it reverts back to the original components of just salt and water, where the process starts again.
Today’s saltwater generators use sensors to monitor chlorine levels, salt levels, water temperature and water flow, and are completely computer controlled with easy to use digital interfaces. Mount the control box, plumb in the salt cell, and pour in the pool salt!
If your family is considering making the switch from a chlorine pool to an eco-friendly saltwater pool, keep reading to learn more:
Salt Chlorine vs. Tablet Chlorine
Maintenance: Saltwater pools require weekly maintenance that includes monitoring salt concentration, pH and chlorine levels. The salt cell is a set of stacked metal plates that creates the chlorine.
Saltwater pool owners will not usually have to add chlorine to the pool, and saltwater generators are self-regulating, so there is often no need to shock the pool to remove chloramines. Salt pools may need to add small amounts of pool salt each year, to replace salt lost to backwashing, splash-out or winterization.
Salt cells only function when the filter pump is operating, so if you have pump or filter problems, you may need to use bleach, pool shock or tablets, until repairs are made. Salt pools may also use pool shock for spring openings, for algae treatment or stain removal. And, salt cells don’t work well in cold water – below 60°, you’ll need other forms of chlorine.
Salt cells are cleaned once a year, by filling the chamber or otherwise soaking the cell with a mild acid solution to remove calcium deposits which are attracted to the charged metal plates of the salt cell.
Both chlorine and saltwater pools require the same chemical management, and still require balanced pool water; with proper Alkalinity, pH, Calcium Hardness, and chlorine Stabilizer levels. And even though a salt chlorinator monitors salt and chlorine levels, it’s a good idea to cross-check with your own test kit. Salt levels can be tested with salt test strips.
Salt cells generally last 3-5 years before needing replacement. Salt cells last longer when they are oversized and under-worked, and cleaned regularly.
Cleanliness: Chlorine instantly kills harmful bacteria when it’s introduced into pool water, converting to hypochlorous acid and hypochlorite ions that destroy contaminants in a matter of seconds.
The chlorine created by a salt chlorine generator is exactly the same as the chlorine released from tablets, shock or bleach. The disinfectant ability is equal as well, between salt chlorine and tablet chlorine. No difference.
I’ve heard it said that algae won’t grow in a salt pool, but that’s just not true, algae is a very adaptable species, and can grow in any type of pool when conditions are right. Salt pools that develop algae should begin a regular algaecide treatment, after shocking the pool appropriately.
Health: Exposure to chlorine chemicals can dry out the skin and hair and can give swimmers itchy, irritable skin. Saltwater pools avoid peaks and valleys in chlorination, reducing chloramine formation, which causes red eyes, skin and at times, lung irritation.
Chlorine chemicals need to be handled with care. Transporting, storing and using chlorine products can be hazardous, on many levels. Have you ever read the Precautionary Statements on a chlorine bucket? Chlorine products can be dangerous.
Although saltwater pools are not chlorine-free, many swimmers find that the water quality of saltwater pools to be more pleasant. This is because the slightly salty water is softer, although you won’t taste it, and it won’t burn your eyes like the ocean.
Expense. No matter which delivery system you choose, chlorine isn’t free. Pool saltwater systems will initially cost more up-front to buy/install, but over time – the costs of chlorinating with a salt generator vs. tablet and shock chlorine is about the same.
I’d be remiss to not mention that salt water splash-out or drag-off can potentially damage certain types of very soft flagstone or travertine stonework. Sealing a stone pool deck or coping regularly will prevent damage and chalking from evaporated salt.
Pool decks of concrete, pavers or bricks however, are more resistant to salt from pool splash out and usually stand-up well without regular sealing or rinsing of the deck, especially in areas with regular rainfall.
Salt Chlorine Generator; Good Fit for Your Family?
The cost of installing a saltwater pool is higher than a traditional chlorine pool; however many consider swimming comfort and not having to store and handle chlorine, as worth the additional expense.
Busy families will not have to worry as much about pool chlorine with a saltwater generator, which requires very little intervention.